Physical Chemistry

A study of Cu-Rh electrodeposition

Authors

Abstract

This manuscript reports the simultaneous electrodeposition of Cu and Rh from an aqueous nitrate solution. The early stages of nucleation and growth of the bimetallic layer were explored using techniques such as cyclic voltammetry and current transients. Non-dimensional Scharifker–Hills graphs showed the occurrence of diffusion-controlled three-dimensional nucleation and growth best described by the Volmer-Weber mechanism. Additionally, different ratios of Cu-Rh catalysts were synthesized by varying the potential of deposition and the Rh content in the deposition bath. Characterization techniques including electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were employed to investigate the chemical composition and structure of the deposits. The results showed a higher amount of Cu2+ species in the layer than Cu+/Cu0 when a more negative potential was applied, and when Rh was present in high amounts in the deposition bath The final morphology of the obtained catalyst proved to be dependent on the deposition potentials and the Cu:Rh content, showing interdependence between the metals.

Content

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Supplementary material

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A study of Cu-Rh electrodeposition
Supporting material for the main text