Organic science & technology (OST) become the frontier horizon after nanotechnology, information technology as well as biotechnology toward the era of consciousness. Organic nanogridarenes (ONGAs) are becoming robust nanoscaffolds for next-generation multifunctional/intelligent semiconductors with tunable cross-scale features. However, the prerequisite of trans-dimensional & intelligent design is to clarify the gridization rules for the discovery of the powerful molecular gridization protocols. Here, we report an efficient and multiselective Csp2-Csp3 gridization based on dual halogen bonding (X···π and X···S, X = Br, I) self-activated electrophilic substitution of halogenated electron-rich molecular blocks under supersonic conditions. Windmill-type nanogrids of cyclopenta[1,2-b:5,4-b']dithiophene (WG4) were obtained with the maximum path selectivity (96%), nanogrid-size selectivity (67%), site-selectivity (>99%) and moderate diastereoselectivity (WG4-1-6:WG4-2-6:WG4-3-6:WG4-4-6 =1:3.3:5.3:0), superior to the previous Friedel-Crafts gridization. Mechanistic studies have revealed the roles of XBs where the X···S bonding accelerates dehalogenation after electrophilic attack, and the X···π bonding leads to the multiselectivity of WG4. Impressively, C2-symmetric WG4-1-6 (21×21×15 Å) crystallizes into a Fd3̄c space group as the 16th pure organic molecules in CCDC library and hierarchically self-assemble into a complex 3D porous superstructure.
Multiselective gridization achieved by electrophilic C-X activation of dual halogen bonding cooperation